Look out below, Wisconsin. Here come the neutrinos

March 3, 2005
Scientists at DoE's Fermi National Accelerator Lab began a five-year project to explore neutrinos by sending a stream of them from the Lab west of Chicago to an abandoned iron mine in Minnesota.

A neutrino detector has been built in the Soudan iron mine in Minnesota. Its task is to capture neutrinos fired from 450 miles away.

They will travel almost 450 miles, going beneath Wisconsin, in 2.5 msec. And they don't need a tunnel. Subatomic neutrinos rarely interact with atoms of ordinary matter, so they pass through air, water, rocks, and people without a trace. The Main Injector Neutrino Oscillation Search (the Minos project) will probe the secrets of these elusive subatomic particles, which could explain how stars function. The subatomic particles could also one day be harnessed for communication or used like X-rays to explore the human body and search for oil and other minerals below the Earth's surface.

In the experiment, neutrinos produced at Fermilab's Main Injector accelerator will travel straight through the earth to a 6,000-ton particle detector a half-mile below the Earth's surface. The detector, a 5-kiloton magnetized tracking calorimeter, will search for neutrinos that may have changed from one type of neutrino to another during the trip. The 100 ft-long detector consists of 486 octagonal planes, each a sheet of steel 25-ft high and 1-in. thick, covered on one side with scintillating plastic.

Sponsored Recommendations

How BASF turns data into savings

May 7, 2024
BASF continuously monitors the health of 63 substation assets — with Schneider’s Service Bureau and EcoStruxure™ Asset Advisor. ►Learn More: https://www.schn...

Agile design thinking: A key to operation-level digital transformation acceleration

May 7, 2024
Digital transformation, aided by agile design thinking, can reduce obstacles to change. Learn about 3 steps that can guide success.

Can new digital medium voltage circuit breakers help facilities reduce their carbon footprint?

May 7, 2024
Find out how facility managers can easily monitor energy usage to create a sustainable, decarbonized environment using digital MV circuit breakers.

The Digital Thread: End-to-End Data-Driven Manufacturing

May 1, 2024
Creating a Digital Thread by harnessing end-to-end manufacturing data is providing unprecedented opportunities to create efficiencies in the world of manufacturing.

Voice your opinion!

To join the conversation, and become an exclusive member of Machine Design, create an account today!