The Pedia Roid simulation robot

Pneumatic Robot Tyke Visits the Dentist

Jan. 29, 2021
This dental patient simulator uses piezo technology. Pressure regulators in the application control most of the robot’s 24 pneumatic cylinders.

A fear of the dentist is usually caused by negative past experiences. But when it comes to children, that fear can be compounded by the dental professional’s chairside competence.

Hard-won training for pediatric dentists may include courses in the psychology of how the child thinks and feels about dental work, but also on anticipating how the child might move in the dental chair.

The Japanese company Tmsuk has developed a dental patient simulator that mimics a child’s behavior in ways that dental professionals may encounter. The dentaroid is capable of face and voice recognition. It can perform 24 actions, including coughing, fidgeting, squirming, flinging and clenching teeth. It can also reproduce complex actions, such as jaw closing and a vomiting reflex.

The Pedia Roid simulation robot for training dentists and dental assistants treating young children is based on piezo valve technology. Festo

Known as Pedia Roid, the pediatric patient robot is 3 ft., 6 in. tall and weighs about 50 lb, approximating the size of a five-year-old. Its lifelike movements are produced using proportional pressure regulators with piezo technology.

Yusuke Ishii, director of Tmsuk, noted in a press note that Festo’s VEAA and VEAB proportional pressure regulators are used in the application to control most of the robot’s 24 pneumatic cylinders moving the robot’s arms, legs and fingers, as well as the mouth, eyelids and irises. “The proportional pressure regulators VEAA/VEAB are 3/3-way valves, each of which combines a pressure sensor and electronic controls,” said Ishii.

“Proportional valves with piezo technology require virtually no energy to maintain an active state thanks to their capacitive capability,” said Ishii. Each valve operates like a capacitor: it needs energy only to charge the piezo ceramics; no further energy is needed to maintain that state.

The Pedia Roid’s smooth, lifelike movements are produced using Festo proportional pressure regulators VEAA and VEAB. Festo

The piezo valve operates like a capacitor. Current is needed at the start to charge the piezoceramics, explained Festo, and since no further energy is needed to maintain its state, the valves don’t heat up. Piezo valves consume up to 95% less energy than solenoid valves, which require an electric current.

While Pedia Roid is the first robot developed for the field of medical simulation, it is not the first time Tmsuk has brought a service robot to market. The company, which is located on the island of Kyushu, has built a niche in transport robots and robots for caring for the elderly.

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